im电竞

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rengongzhinengruhegaibian“chuantongjiaoshi”

来源 :中国教育报 访问次数 : 发布时间 :2019-06-10

im电竞  “meitianduizhedianziping,yitian16gexiaoshizaixian。”hunanzhangsha“90hou”jiaoshicaolucong2yuefenkaishixianshangjiaoxue,“zhiboke、lukehenmafan,youpaxueshengxuebuhao,haiyaosuishianfujiazhang,shuoshihua,zhendehenlei……”

  zaizheici“tingkebutingxue”dezaixianjiaoyudalianbingzhong,caoluduitebieshirengongzhineng+jiaoyuyoulebutongyiwangdereqieqidai:“woxiangrengongzhinenghuijiejuehenduoxianzaidejishuwenti,bajiaoshiconghenduofansuodecaozuozhongjiefangchulai,xianshangjiaoyuhuichengweizhuliu,rengongzhinenghaihuidaitijiaoshipigaizuoye,jiaoshijiangyougengduoshijianhejinglijiaoyuhaizi。”

  jinnianlai,rengongzhinengzaijiaoyulingyudeyingyongbeishouzhumu。suizhexinxijishudefazhan,rengongzhinengdeyuxingyujin,chuantongjiaoshihuibuhuibeigaibian、jiangruhegaibian?jiaoshiyingdangruheyingjiezheichangjiyuyutiaozhan?jizhejiucicaifanglezhuanjiaxuezheheyixianjiaoshi。

  “未来教师”是怎样的?

  shulianyunyongshouduan,weixianshangxianxiazhishiyuanjianliliandongjizhi

  “xiamianimdianjinglaibuchongtianxieyixiajigedanci,biyibisheixianwanchenghaobuhao?”zhangshashifurongquyuyingxuexiaoernianjiyingyujiaoshizhouyingyingbianshuobianqingdianheiban,jiezhetimuneirongbiankuaisuchuxianzailexueshengkezhuodepingmushang。xueshengqiangdawanchenghou,dianjitijiao,jiaoshibiannengzaiheibanshangkandaoxueshengdeqiangdashunxu、datizhengquelvyijimeigexueshengdedatiqingkuang。

im电竞  2019nian,gaixiaoyi“toumingjisuan”jishuweihexin,ronghewulianwang、dashuju、yunjisuandengqianyankeji,jinxinglejiaoyuxinxihua2.0deshengjijianshe。xiaozhangzhoufangmiaojieshao,gaixiaosuoyoujiaoshidoushengjiweizhihuijiaoshi,peibeile41taotoumingjisuanzhihuiheiban、1600zhangtoumingjisuanzhihuikezhuoyijizhihuixiaopai、yunketangdengshebei,bingjiansheleliangjiantoumingjisuanxueshengjifang、yijianzhibolubojiaoshi、xiaoyuandianshitai、jiaoxuedashujuhejiaoxueziyuanpingtaidengxinxihuaxitong,shixinxihuadejiaoxueyingyongfugaidaolemeigejiaoshihexuesheng,weixuexiaoshishenggouzhulequanxindezhihuixiaoyuanxintiyan。

  “heyiqiandepingbandiannaoxiangbi,zhihuiheibanhekezhuoshiyongqilaizhenshifangbiantaiduole,gongnengfeichangqiquan,jiaoxuetiyanhexiaoguoyefeichanghao。youqishiduiyuyingyukelaishuo,ketanggengyouqu,xueshengdejijixinghehudongxingtigaolehenduo,imdianjinglaoshishangkeyegengyouganjingle。xueshengmenhaihenxihuanzhihuixiaopai,tamentongguoxiaopaijiukeyiwancheng‘meiriyidu’dezuoye,bingfankuijilaoshi,jiaohuxinghexuexixiaoguodoufeichanghao,zheiyangdezhihuichanpinzhidezaixuexiaodalituiguang。”tijixuexiaojiaoshidezhinengshebei,zhouyingyingxingfenbuyi。

  xianran,suizhedexunsufazhan,jiangyuelaiyueduodigaibianweilaijiaoshihexuexiaodegongzuozhuangtai。neime,weilaihuishizenyangdeni?jinri,hunanshengjiaokeyuan、hunanshengjiaoyuzhanlveyanjiuzhongxinzaizhangshajubanle“jiaoyuzhiku·xiangjiangluntan”,bushaozhuanjiajiujiaoyu,tanletamendesikaoheshexiang。

  “jiudangxiaeryan,rengongzhinengjishuzaigaibianzhejiaoyuguanli、jiaoxuezuzhiyujiaoxuefangshidengjiaoyuxingshi;congzhangyuanlaikan,rengongzhinengjishugenghuigaibianjiaoyudefangxiang、neironghetixidengjiaoyubenzhi。”huadongshidaguojiajiaoyuhongguanzhengceyanjiuyuanshouxizhuanjia、jiaoshouzhuyimingshuo。

  zhuyimingrenwei,congjiaoxuelaikan,rengongzhinengjishunenggouchaoyuechuantongmianduimiandeshoukefangshi,gaijinjiaoxuefangshi;keyikuozhanjiaoxueziyuan,ranghaizimendezhishilaiyuanbuzaijuxianyujiaocai;haikeyichaoyuebanjishoukedexingshi,yanshenjiaoxuechangsuo;tongshiyenengzengqiangjiaoxuepingjia,chaoyuedanyidekaoshipingjiafangshi。zairengongzhinengjishubeijingxia,imdianjingshenzhikeyiyunyongdianzihuajiaocaichengxianchuyiduiyideketangmoshi。

im电竞  tabiaoshi,congkechenglaikan,rengongzhinengjishushikechengbiandegengfengfu。takeyituozhanyanshenkechengneirong,rufengfudezaixianneirongheziyuan;hainengshixiankuaxuekejiaoxue,ruxuekezhenghe、stemkechengdeng。congxueshengjiaodulaikan,rengongzhinengjishukeyishixiangexinghuaxuexi,rangmeiyigexueshengjieshoushihezijidejiaoyu。xueshengzaixuexijichu、mubiao、fangfadengfangmiangebuxiangtong,rengongzhinengkeyijiluxueshengxuexiguochengzhongdeshuju,congerweiqishengchengzuishihezijidexuexineironghefangshi,tigaoxuexixiaolv。

  “weilaidexuexiaokongpabuzaishixianzaixianxiadeshitixuexiao,weilaixuexiaoyidingshixunixianshangxuexiaohexianxiashitijiaoshideshendujiehe。weilaixunixuexiaoruhejianshe,tayushitixuexiaozenyangxingchengzhihuironghe,yexuyaoimdianjingqusikao。”jiaoyuburengongzhinengkejichuangxinzhuanjiazuzhuanjia、kedaxunfeifuzongcaiwangzhuorenweizhongguohenkuaihuijinrudaoyigeliandongdexuexishidai,zhishibuzaijuxianzaikebenshang,wanshiwanwujieweizhishi。yinci,dangxueshengcongxiaoyuanzouxiangshehuishi,taxuyaolianjiezhishiyuandenengli。rengongzhinengnengfoubangzhutahezheixiezhishiyuanjianliliandongjizhi,zheiyeshiimdianjingxuyaosikaodefangxiang。

  教师能够被“解放”吗?

  jiaoshihuojiangcongfanzhongdegongzuozhongjietuochulai,zhenzhenghuiguijiaoyudebenzhi

  ciciyiqingfangkongqijiande“xianshangjiaoxue”,yuanfeiketangzhaobandaoxianshangneimeqingsong。jizhezaicaifangzhonglejiedao,bushaojiaoshiweizhibohuoluboyijieke,huafeideshijianjingliyuanchaopingshizhengchangshangke。zhangshashijiaoyujuguanfangweixingongzhonghaokanfaleyizujiaoshixianshangjiaoxuebeihou“momofuchu”degushi,yinfalexuduojiaoshigongming,yueduliangchaoguo10wanrenci。

  hunanshidafuzhongbocaishiyanzhongxuechusanhuaxuebeikezuzhangyangjialaoshiluzhileyitang《yixinyiyi——huaxuexiaodujiruheshamieguanzhuangbingdu》xianshangke。zheitangkedezongshizhangzhiyou29fenzhong。danshi,weileluhaozheitangwangke,yangjiazaibeihoufuchulezhangda50gexiaoshidenuli。

  5ci——zheishizhangshashishiyanxiaoxuewangcuicanlaoshi《qimiaodekunchongshijie》zheitangwangkejiaoandexiugaicishu。yuchuantongketangxiangbi,wangkeduishijianbawoyaoqiugenggao,xiaoxuemeitangkeshijianyaokongzhizai20fenzhong±30miaoyinei。yejiushishuo,wangkedejiaoanyeyaojingzhundaoqiabiaojishi。

  tongshi,yinweiqueshaomianduimiandejiaoliu,yitangnaikan、jingkandewangkebixuliuchengshunchang、yuyanjinglian。yinci,chujingtaici、guoduyuzheixiejixingfahuidebufenyedougudingchenglezijie。jiaoanlaihuixiugaile5ci,lukeshigengshifanfudamo。wanglaoshishuo:“gangkaishipazijishangbuhao,suoyiyibianyibiandigai,xiangjinliangbakejianghao,yongketangxiyinzhuhaizimen。”

  jiranmuqianxianshangjiaoxueruci“jiannan”,neime,rengongzhinengdeyingyong,shijiangzengjiajiaoshidelaodong,haishihuijinyibujiefangjiaoshini?bushaozhuanjiarenwei,dangjiaoshishulianzhangwojiaoyuxinxihuadeshiyong,rengongzhinengjiangbangzhujiaoshicongfanzhongdegongzuozhongjietuochulai,zhenzhengguanzhujiaoyudebenzhi。

  tamenmiaohuilezheiyangyifuchangjing:zaiyingyukaoshili,tiankong、xuanzetideyuejuanzaoyijingshixianle“jidu”,weilai,kouyu、xiezuoyetongyangkeyishixian。birukouyucepingshi,rengongzhinengweimeizhongyuyanjianliyigeshengxuemoxing,nenggoushibieyuyinbingjiangqizhuanhuanweiboxinghewenben。ranhou,zheixieshengxuemoxingbeixunlianlaiweiceshizhongdemeigetishihuoxiangmudafen。

  “rengongzhinengkeyijiangjiaoshicongdaliangzhongfuxinglaodongzhongjiefangchulai,congergaibianjiaoshijiaose,cujinjiaoxuecongzhishichuanshoudaozhishijiangoudezhuanbian。”zhongguojiaokeyuanfuyuanzhangmataoshuo,rengongzhinengshidaijiangcuihuashishengguanxi、xuexiaoxingtaijijiaoyushengtaidezhonggou。rengongzhinengkeyichongfenwajuefenfanfuzadejiaoyudashuju,kuaijiegaoxiaodicongwuxuderichangxianxiangzhongfenxichujiaoyufazhanqushiyudazhongxuexixuqiu,congerfunengjiaoyuzhili,gaibianzhilifangshi,cujinjuecedekexuehuaheziyuanpeizhidejingzhunhua,jiakuaixingchengjiaoyuzhilitixihezhilinenglixiandaihua。

im电竞  “rengongzhinengxitongyingyouxiaofuwujiaoxue,zhenzhengjiejuejiaoyuwenti、jiaoyutongdian。”wangzhuoshuo,biruduiyujiaoshilaishuo,beikeguochengzhongruhejingzhungaoxiaoxunzhaoziyuanyizhishigenandian。rengongzhinengjishukeyixingchenghailiang、tixihuadeziyuanku,bangzhujiaoshijingzhundizhaodaomubiaoziyuan。

  tarenwei,zaiyiwangdekaoshipingjiafangshizhong,jiaoshiwufaduimeigexueshengjinxingjingzhunpingjia,wangwangzhinengtongguokaoshifenshujiyuxueshengxuexichengguodepingjia。tongguozhinenghuayingyong,jiaoshikeyiguanzhudaoxueshengduofangmiandebiaoxianhechengji,binggenjutadebiaoxian,tichuxiangyingjingxihuadefenxihepingjia。tongshi,xuexiaoguanlijiangcongjiyujingyanxiangjiyushujuzhuanbian。jiaoshishiyongnaxiejiaojuzuipinfan,naxieshujuzhenzhengfanyinglaoshidejiaoyannengli,fanyingxueshengzizhuxuexidetouru,fanyingjiaoxuegongzuo、richanggongzuozhongcunzaidewenti,jiyuzheixieshuju,weilaideguanlibiankeyishixianjingzhunhua。

  tashuo:“rengongzhinengshidainengtigongzhinengjiaoxuezhushou,bangzhujiaoshicongrichangfanzhongdegongzuozhongjietuochulai,jiaoshikeyizhenzhengguanzhuxueshengfazhan,chengweixueshengdelinghungongchengshi,chengweixueshengchengzhangdepeibanzhehexueshengxuexidonglidejihuazhe。”

im电竞  hunanshengjiaoyuzhanlveyanjiuzhongxinyanjiuyuanwangjiangqingrenwei,rengongzhinengjiaoyuweilaidefazhanfangshijiangshishujuqudong、yingyongshenhua、ronghechuangxin、youhuafuwudengfangshilaigongtongchixutuidong。rengongzhinengjiaoyuyongdashujucaijixitongcaijiyonghushuju,bingliyongdashujufenxixitongduiyonghushujujinxingfenxihehuikui,jiangqiyingyongyuxuexiguochengzhongde“jiao、xue、ping、ce、lian”wudahuanjie,zuihoutongguogexinghuatuijianyinqingchanshengshihexuexizhedegexinghuajiejuefanganhexuexineirongtuijian。

  人工智能会淘汰教师吗?

  “rengongzhinengbingbunengtaotaijiaoshi,danbuhuirengongzhinengdejiaoshiyoukenengbeitaotai”

im电竞  renleizhengkuaisubururengongzhinengshidai,hulianwangshangyouguanrengongzhinengtaotainaxiezhiyedetaolunputiangaidi,zhangzhangde“heimingdan”baokuo:fanyi、shouyinyuan、siji、qiantai、kuaidiyuan……neime,dangjiaoshiyushangrengongzhineng,huifashengshenme?jiaoshihuibeitaotaima?

  zaicaifangzhong,bulunshiyixianjiaoshi,haishizhuanjiaxuezhe,renweijiaoshibukenengbeitaotaishizhuliushengyin。zuoweiyimingyuwenjiaoshi,caoluduizijidezhiyeyouzhechongfendezixin:“xianshangjiaoyuhuiyuelaiyueduo,danshirengongzhinengbunengmofangjiaoshidezhenshicunzai,tabukenengjubeirendeqinggan。”

  “duijiaoyueryan,jiaoshisuozuodegongzuojiushizaijiaoyuguochengzhongbangzhuxueshengjinxingshehuihuazhuanbian,zheifangmiangongzuoshijiqiwufaqudaide。muqianimdianjinghaichuyuruorengongzhinengshidai,rengongzhinengbujubeisiweinengli,yinciyewufaqudaijiaoshiyuxueshengzhijianganqingdejiaoliu。jiaoshiyingbajixie、zhongfudelaodongjiaojijishu,gengduodiguanzhuyuhaizizhijiandejiaoliu,bangzhutamenjiankangdichengzhang。”jiaoyubujichujiaoyukechengjiaocaifazhanzhongxinkechengchuchuzhangchenyunlongrenwei,“xinjishudaolaishi,zongyouyipijiaoshigendeshangxinjishudefazhan,danyeyouyixiejiaoshibutaishiying。”tarenkeyigeshuofa,rengongzhinengbingbunengtaotaijiaoshi,danshibuhuirengongzhinengdejiaoshiyoukenengzaodaotaotai。

  “shenmeshirengongzhinengwufatidaide?juedingjiaoshinengfoubeitidaidebushirengongzhineng,ershijiaoyudebenzhi,shixueshengdexuyao,shiguanchuanqizhongbubiandejiaoyuzhili、jiaoyuzhidao。”beijingshifandaxuezishenjiaoshou、zhongguojiaoyuxuehuimingyuhuizhanggumingyuanshuo,keyibeitidaideshineixiexuyaozhongfuzuodeshiqing(rubuzhizuoye、pigaizuoye),xuyaodaliangxinxiziliaosouji、shujujidianhefenxideshiqing(rubahenduojiaoshidejiaoxuejingyanhuijudaojiqili,jisuansuoyoudekenengxing,zhaodaozuijialujing),xuyaojingzhundingweideshiqing(ruxueshengdegexingtezhi、gexingxuqiu,xueshengdexuexinandian、zhangaidiandeng)。zheixieshiqingbeitidai,shiduijiaoshidejiefang。dangrengongzhinengkeyisuishisuidiyonggengjingzhun、gengyouxiaodefangfalaijiaoxuedeshihou,heleerbuwei?

  “zhihuijiaoyu,bushiyigejishugainian,ershibansuirenleishehuizhinenghuafazhanerzhubuxingchengdequanxindejiaoyushengtai。dangqian,duoshucongjishujiaodulijiezhihuijiaoyu,bajiaoyujishuhua。shishishang,zhihuijiaoyurengranshijiaoyu,zhishishiyingyuzhinengshehuidejiaoyu。”shenzhenshijiaokeyuanyuanzhangyewenzishuo。

  neime,jiaoshizairengongzhinengshidaigaiguanzhushenme?

im电竞  “zhinengshidai,chuantongdeshehuijiegou、zhiyefengongjiangchanshengzhongdadiaozheng,jiaoyuyincihuimianlinxindejiyuhetiaozhan。”jiaoyubukejisisizhangleichaozirenwei,rengongzhinengdekuaisufazhanduirencaipeiyangtichuxinxuqiu。nongyeshidai、gongyeshidaiyaoqiulaodongzhejubeijixiesiwei、gongjusiwei,erxinxishidai、zhinengshidaizegengxuyaojisuansiwei、bianchengnengli、renjixiezuojineng。yinci,zhinengshidaiderencaipeiyangyaoqiufashengxianzhugaibian,xinxisuyang、jisuansiwei、xiezuogoutongnengli、fuzawentijiejuenengli、renjixiezuonenglidengjiangchengweixinshidairencaizuizhongyaodehexinnengli。daorurengongzhinengjishuyinlingjiaoyubiange,chuangxinjiaoyujiaoxueheguanliguocheng,shiyingduixinshiqirencaipeiyangtiaozhandebiranxuanze。“goujianwoguomianxiangzhinengshidaidejiaoyushengtaitixishizaibixing。zhinengshidairencaipeiyangmubiaodebianhuadaobijiaoyushengtaixitongbixuzuochuquanmian、shenke、chedidezhuanxingheshengji。”

im电竞  mianduizhinengshidaijiaoyufazhandejiyuhetiaozhan,zaiciciluntanshang,leichaozitoulu,woguojiangjijitansuotuijinjianlizhinengshidaidexinxingjiaoyutixi。zaiguihuacengmiangoujianmanzuzhinengshidairencaipeiyangyaoqiudexinxingpeiyangtixi,goujianzhinengshidaixiadejiaoyuxinshengtaitixi。zaishijiancengmian,jiaqiangzhinengjiaoyujichusheshijianshe、chuangjianyitihuazhinengjiaoyupingtaideng。zaiyanjiucengmian,jiakuaituijinrengongzhinengyujiaoyudeshenduronghehechuangxinfazhan,yanjiuzhinengjiaoyudefazhanzhanlve、biaozhunguifanyijituijinlujing。

文章关键字: 教师 人工智能 学生 教学 技术

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